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György Lukács

by
Dean Gotcher

"[T]he Communist Manifesto makes the point that the bourgeoisie produces its own grave-diggers.'"
(György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"'Capital' … is, according to Marx, 'not a thing but a social relation between persons mediated through things.' 'These relations,' Marx states, 'are not those between one individual and another, but between worker and capitalist, tenant and landlord, [children and their parents] etc. Eliminate these relations and you abolish the whole of society; …… a scientifically acceptable solution does exist … For to accept that solution, even in theory, would be tantamount to observing society from a class standpoint [from the children's perspective] other than that of the bourgeoisie [from the parent's perspective]. And no class can do that-unless it is willing to abdicate its power freely [if parents are to observe the world, including their authority from their children's perspective, they must first abdicate their authority to their children's "feelings"]. ' '... the ideological history of the bourgeoisie was nothing but a desperate resistance to every insight into the true nature of the society it had created [the family] and thus to a real understanding of its class situation [its "creation" of a "top-down," "Do what I say or else" relationship].… the Communist Manifesto makes the point that the bourgeoisie [those initiating and sustaining the father's/Father's authority] produces its own grave-diggers [their children].'" (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"Once the earthly family [where children are subject to the earthly father's authority, preventing 'change'] is discovered to be the secret of the holy family [where the Son is subject to the Heavenly Father's authority, preventing 'change'], the former [the traditional family with the father's "Do what I say or else" authority system] must itself be annihilated [vernichtet] theoretically and practically [in the thoughts and social actions of men, i.e., the children]." (Karl Marx, Theses On Feuerbach #4)

When you, as a parent, start with your children's "feelings" of the 'moment' in establishing policy—through the dialoguing of each others opinion to a consensus, i.e., to a "feeling" of "oneness"—your authority as a parent, i.e., the father's/Father's authority—the preaching of commands and rules to be obeyed as given and the teaching of facts and truth to be accepted as is, by faith—is negated. It is why Georg Hegel wrote: "The child, contrary to appearance, is the absolute, the rationality of the relationship; he is what is enduring and everlasting, the totality which produces itself once again as such [once he is 'liberated' from the father's/Father's authority so that he can be his "self," i.e., as he was before the father's/Father's first command, rule, fact, or truth came into his life, i.e., carnal, i.e., of the world only]." (Georg Hegel, System of Ethical Life) Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud built their empires upon this ideology. "'It is not really a decisive matter whether one has killed one's father or abstained from the deed,' if the function of the conflict and its consequences are the same [the father no longer insists upon his children obeying him, doing his will over and therefore against their nature, 'discovering' common ground with them, according to "human nature" only, instead]." (Sigmund Freud in Herbert Marcuse, Eros and Civilization)

The Frankfurt School, i.e., the "Institution for Social Research" merged the two (Marx and Freud) creating "group psychotherapy," i.e., "Transformational Marxism" which is now being used to establish policy in every venue of life, from the home to the highest offices of government, including the "church."

György Lukács along with Karl Korsch laid the groundwork for the "Institution for Social Research." Members of this Institution have had a major impact upon American society, men such as Max Horkheimer, Jürgen Habermas, Erick Fromm, Paul Lazarsfeld, Herbert Marcus, and Theodore Adorno. "Bloom's Taxonomies" (required learning for teacher certification and application for school accreditation) are based upon their work.

"In order to progress from these 'facts' to facts in the true meaning of the word it is necessary to perceive their historical conditioning as such and to abandon the point of view that would see them as immediately given: they must themselves be subjected to a historical and dialectical examination." "… in all metaphysics the object remains untouched and unaltered so that thought remains contemplative and fails to become practical; while for the dialectical method the central problem is to change reality.… reality with its 'obedience to laws , … is impenetrable, fatalistic and immutable." ""When the dialectical method destroys the fiction of the immortality of the categories [God's Law over man, parents law over child, etc.] it also destroys their reified character [fear of God above man, parent above child, etc.] and clears the way to a knowledge of reality [Social Eros]." "... which the consciousness of the proletariat has striven to create ever since its inception. The workers' council spells the political and economic defeat of reification. In the period following the dictatorship it will eliminate the bourgeois separation of the legislature, administration and judiciary." "The great polemic against Hegel in The Holy Family concentrates mainly on this point.. Hegel's inadequacy is that he only seems to allow the absolute spirit to make history. The resulting otherworldliness of consciousness vis-d-vis the real events of history becomes, in the hands of Hegel's disciples, an arrogant-and reactionary confrontation of 'spirit' and 'mass'." "Thus when 'science' maintains that the manner in which data immediately present themselves is an adequate foundation of scientific conceptualisation and that the actual form of these data is the appropriate starting-point for the formation of scientific concepts, it thereby takes its stand simply and dogmatically on the basis of capitalist society. It uncritically accepts the nature of the object as it is given and the laws of that society as the unalterable foundation of 'science'." "The dialectical method was overthrown and with it the methodological supremacy of the totality over the individual aspects; the parts were prevented from finding their definition within the whole and, instead, the whole was dismissed as unscientific or else it degenerated into the mere 'idea' or 'sum' of the parts. With the totality out of the way, the fetishistic relations of the isolated parts appeared as a timeless law valid for every human society." "Marx reproached Hegel (and, in even stronger terms, Hegel's successors who had reverted to Kant and Fichte) with his failure to overcome the duality of thought and being, of theory and practice, of subject and object." "Only when the immediate interests are integrated into a total view and related to the final goal of the process do they become revolutionary," "It is not men's consciousness that determines their existence, but on the contrary, their social existence that determines their consciousness." "Praxis becomes the form of action appropriate to the isolated individual, it becomes his ethics." "Marx urged us to understand 'the sensuous world,' the object, reality, as human sensuous activity." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

" …the bourgeoisie [parent] automatically obtains the upper hand when its opponents [the children] abandon their own position [position of equality with the parent]....destroy this unity they cut the nerve that binds proletarian theory [child reasoning] to proletarian action [child "group think" action]. They reduce theory to the 'scientific' treatment of the symptoms ...and as for practice they are themselves reduced to being buffeted about aimlessly and uncontrollably." "... consciousness must develop a dialectical contradiction between its immediate interests and its long-term objectives, …Only when the immediate interests are integrated into a total view and related to the final goal of the process do they become revolutionary," "Marx sees … consciousness as 'practical critical activity' with the task of 'changing the world'." "The whole system of Marxism stands and falls with the principle that revolution is the product of a point of view in which the category of totality [group think] is dominant." "The proletariat only perfects itself by annihilating and transcending itself, by creating the classless society [when all the patriarchal parents/God have been removed] through the successful conclusion of its own class struggle. The struggle for this society, in which the dictatorship of the proletariat is merely a phase, is not just a battle waged against an external enemy, the bourgeoisie. It is equally the struggle of the proletariat against itself, against the devastating and degrading effects of the capitalist system upon its class consciousness. The proletariat will only have won the real victory when it has overcome these effects within itself [no longer have a fear of parents/God]." "… a scientifically [dialectically] acceptable solution does exist … For to accept that solution, even in theory, would be tantamount to observing society from a class standpoint [observing the world from the children's world view which effectively negates the parent's office, have's and have-not's synthesized] other than that of the bourgeoisie ["This is mine and not yours." "I can and you can not," "I am right and you are wrong"]. And no class can do that-unless it is willing to abdicate its power freely." "... as soon as the bourgeoisie [the parent] is forced to take up its stand on this terrain [in the children's experiential environment with dialogue, tolerant of ambiguity], it is lost." "'These relations [hierarchy relations],' Marx states, 'are not those between one individual and another, but between worker and capitalist, tenant and landlord, etc. Eliminate these relations and you abolish the whole of society; …'" "for the dialectical method the central problem is to change reality.… reality with its 'obedience to laws'." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

A famous transformational Marxist, György Lukács, put it this way (note: correlate "the bourgeoisie" to "the parents" and "the proletariat" to "the children"): "... the bourgeoisie fighting on its own ground will prove superior to the proletariat ... it is self-evident that the bourgeoisie fighting on its own ground will be both more experienced and more expert… the superiority of the proletariat must lie exclusively in its ability to see society from the centre as a coherent whole. This means that it is able to act in such a way as to change reality [reality in the next generation is not found in obedience to authority but instead in social equality]; in the class consciousness [contempt toward parental authority] of the proletariat [the child] theory and practice coincide [carnal inclinations are rationalized, collectively, and then put into social practice] ... The proletariat [the child] cannot liberate itself as a class [all children are suppressed by parental authority] without simultaneously abolishing class society [eliminating parent-child, teacher-student, etc. hierarchy] as such. For that reason its consciousness [society inductively reasoned with feelings being the core, uniting all participants], the last class consciousness in the history of mankind, must both lay bare the nature of society [socialist nature is not patriarchal in nature] and achieve an increasingly inward fusion of theory and practice.
    …the bourgeoisie
[parental authority] automatically obtains the upper hand when its opponents [the children in rebellion] abandon their own position [position of equality put into practice, i.e. all in contempt toward parental authority and showing it collectively]....destroy this unity [children's feelings and the freedom to act upon them] they cut the nerve that binds proletarian theory [children's feelings and thought being rationally justified in consensus binding them in the hope of attaining "the dream"] to proletarian action [children's consensus put into action, action in overthrowing the patriarchal paradigm]. They reduce theory to the 'scientific' treatment of the symptoms ...and as for practice they are themselves reduced to being buffeted about aimlessly and uncontrollably [sulking rebellious children without a cause or purpose, without a blueprint, a map, for global dominance over the patriarchal paradigm, i.e. unable to realize a lawless world ruled by the lawless one]." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)


"… in all metaphysics the object remains untouched and unaltered so that thought remains contemplative and fails to become practical; while for the dialectical method the central problem is to change reality.… reality with its 'obedience to laws, … is impenetrable, fatalistic and immutable." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"The great polemic against Hegel in The Holy Family concentrates mainly on this point.. Hegel's inadequacy is that he only seems to allow the absolute spirit to make history. The resulting otherworldliness of consciousness vis-d-vis the real events of history becomes, in the hands of Hegel's disciples, an arrogant-and reactionary confrontation of 'spirit' and 'mass'." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"When the dialectical method destroys the fiction of the immortality of the categories [God's Law over man, parents law over child, etc.] it also destroys their reified character [Fear of God above man, parent above child, etc.] and clears the way to a knowledge of reality [Social Eros]." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"In order to progress from these 'facts' to facts in the true meaning of the word it is necessary to perceive their historical conditioning as such and to abandon the point of view that would see them as immediately given: they must themselves be subjected to a historical and dialectical examination." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"Consciousness, instead of being the watchman over a dangerous and unpredictable lot of impulses, becomes the comfortable inhabitant of a society of impulses and feelings and thoughts." (Carl Rogers, on becoming a person: A Therapist View of Psychotherapy)

"Man consciously transforms his environment in response to his needs. Only within a social context individual man is able to realize his own potential as a rational being." "Every class lacks the breadth of soul which identifies it with the soul of the people, that revolutionary boldness which flings at its adversary [the parental authority] the defiant phrase; 'I am nothing and I should be everything.'" (Karl Marx Critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy of Right')

"Marx sees … consciousness as 'practical critical activity' with the task of 'changing the world'." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"Thus when 'science' maintains that the manner in which data immediately present themselves is an adequate foundation of scientific conceptualisation and that the actual form of these data is the appropriate starting-point for the formation of scientific concepts, it thereby takes its stand simply and dogmatically on the basis of capitalist society. It uncritically accepts the nature of the object as it is given and the laws of that society as the unalterable foundation of 'science'." "The dialectical method was overthrown and with it the methodological supremacy of the totality over the individual aspects; the parts were prevented from finding their definition within the whole and, instead, the whole was dismissed as unscientific or else it degenerated into the mere 'idea' or 'sum' of the parts. With the totality out of the way, the fetishistic relations of the isolated parts appeared as a timeless law valid for every human society." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"Marx reproached Hegel (and, in even stronger terms, Hegel's successors who had reverted to Kant and Fichte) with his failure to overcome the duality of thought and being, of theory and practice, of subject and object." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"Only when the immediate interests are integrated into a total view and related to the final goal of the process do they become revolutionary," (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"The goal of revolutionary activity was understood as the unifying of theory and praxis." [putting theory into practice] (Martin Jay, The Dialectical Imagination)

"Revolutionary violence reconciles the disunited parties by abolishing the alienation of class antagonism that set in with the repression of initial morality. … the revolution that must occur is the reaction of suppressed life, which will visit the causality of fate upon the rulers. It is those who establish such domination and defend positions of power of this sort who set in motion the causality of fate, divide society into social classes, suppress justified interests, call forth the reactions of suppressed life, and finally experience their just fate in revolution. " (Jürgen Habermas, Knowledge & Human Interest, Chapter Three: The Idea of the Theory of Knowledge as Social Theory)

"It is not men's consciousness that determines their existence, but on the contrary, their social existence that determines their consciousness." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"Praxis becomes the form of action appropriate to the isolated individual, it becomes his ethics." "Marx urged us to understand 'the sensuous world,' the object, reality, as human sensuous activity." (György Lukács, History & Class Consciousness: What is Orthodox Marxism?)

"Philosophy as theory . . . establishes the basis of its reality as praxis; it serves to distinguish it from religion, the wisdom of the other world." (Karl Marx, Critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy of Right')

"Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds [praxis, Gr];" Colossians 3:9

© Institution for Authority Research, Dean Gotcher 2015-2017